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(518) 439-9361

Delmar Animal Hospital

910 Delaware Ave.

Delmar, NY 12054

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I administer oral medication to my dog?

Most commonly, dogs are sent home with tablets, pills or capsules that have to be administered by mouth. There are two basic ways to administer these medications, voluntarily and involuntarily.

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Raisin and Grape Toxicity

Raisins and grapes have been, in rare instances, found to be toxic to dog kidneys.  It is currently believed that it is not the raisin or grape itself that is the problem, but a type of fungus that is known to grow on them that damages the kidneys.

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Xylitol- Sugar-less Sweetener VERY Toxic to Dogs

Xylitol is a sugar-less sweetener that is very useful for human diabetics and in sweetening products for a healthy mouth, but is very dangerous to dogs.  Relatively small ingestions, like a piece of gum, can result in significant hypoglycemia and potentially life threatening liver damage to dogs.  Please be aware of products containing this sweetener.  If you must have it, keep it out of reach of the playful or curious or hungry dog and keep the ASPCA Animal Poison Control number (888) 426-4435 nearby.

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The Tick Life Cycle

The tick life cycle is complex.  Ticks are not truly insects, but are more closely related to spiders. They are more resistant to our common pesticides and repellents. Typically, one tick is believed to live over a two year period.  It starts out as an egg, often laid near the entrance to small rodent (white-footed mouse) dens. It hatches into a tiny larva. Maybe 5-7 larva could fit on the head of a straight pin. These larva typically get on the mouse or nearby rodent, take a blood meal, then fall to the ground to wait to molt into the next stage.

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The Flea Life Cycle

Understanding the flea life cycle helps in planning appropriate environmental controls.

Fleas are living outside in upstate New York during the non-frost, growing season.  Typically this period is mid-May to late October, but can vary depending on the weather for that year!  Warmer parts of the country may have a year-long flea season, like Florida.  Any pet that goes outside is going to attract the fleas while outside and potentially carry them to indoor areas. Clearly, some neighborhoods have heavy local loads (see fleas every year) and others have light local loads (may not see fleas every year).  But if you have pets, at sometime you are going to have fleas.

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I don’t think my current topical flea/tick product is working - How soon can I reapply?

There is no single answer for this frequently asked question.

The known safe answer is to wait the period of time the product is supposed to work, typically 30 days, before reapplying.

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How do I tell if my pet has worms or parasites?

There are many ways to look for parasites (worms) but not all of them are foolproof.

Most puppies and kittens come with some degree of parasitism.  Parasites have found many ways to be introduced to new hosts, and from dam to  immunologically naive offspring is a very successful route. Many breeder, petshops and shelters work hard to provide parasite protection by early deworming. Indicators that your puppy or kitten may have parasites include soft, smelly or abnormal stool, a potbellied look, poor haircoat, lethargy or no outward indicators.  That is why an early fecal flotation test will help us determine the level of parasitism and appropriate therapy.  Successful deworming may require three appropriately timed deworming medications to successfully eradicate the parasite.

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If one has worms do I have to treat them all?

If you find one pet has worms, others may as well.  That is because they share the same environment and therefore the same risk factors.  Some worms are more likely to be shared than others.

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How To Catch Urine from a DOG

Get a clean container (old Tupperware, paper cup, pie plate, etc).  Make sure the container is rinsed thoroughly of soap residue, and dried.  Put your dog on a short leash (NOT the retractable kind).  Take the dog for a walk.  Be prepared for how your dog urinates.  Most females will squat and you need to get your catch container underneath her.  Most males will lift a leg and you will have to catch from the stream.

Put a lid on the container or put the container or liquid in a sealed Ziploc bag.  Sufficient sample sizes are from about a teaspoon to a tablespoon in volume.  Fresh samples yield the most reliable results, so please get the sample to the animal hospital within 2 hours and protect from heat or sunlight.

How To Catch Urine from a CAT

Multiple methods for collecting urine from a cat will be reviewed here.

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